Over the years, researchers has proven diet to be a close associate of health-that is, diet is very important to health and well-being, and researchers have brought increased amount of evidence in support of the saying, “you are what you eat.” Now the question is: How does diet affect our brain-health on the long run?
First, what is Brain and what business does the brain have with diet?
The brain is one of the largest and most complex organs in the human body.
It is made up of more than 100 billion nerves that communicate in trillions of connections called synapses.
The brain is made up of many specialized areas that work together:
- The cortex is the outermost layer of brain cells. Thinking and voluntary movements begin in the cortex.
- The brain stem is between the spinal cord and the rest of the brain. Basic functions like breathing and sleep are controlled here.
- The basal ganglia are a cluster of structures in the center of the brain. The basal ganglia coordinate messages between multiple other brain areas.
- The cerebellum is at the base and the back of the brain. The cerebellum is responsible for coordination and balance.
The brain is also divided into several lobes:
- The frontal lobes are responsible for problem solving and judgment and motor function.
- The parietal lobes manage sensation, handwriting, and body position.
- The temporal lobes are involved with memory and hearing.
- The occipital lobes contain the brain’s visual processing system.
The brain is surrounded by a layer of tissue called the meninges. The skull (cranium) helps protect the brain from injury.
Studies shows that our brains tend to shrink in volume — as much as 5 percent per decade as we age. The more they shrink, the more this seems to affect an individual’s cognitive abilities, but could eating right prevent this?
The good news is:There may be ways of maintaining a healthy brain volume, even as we grow older, especially if we are able to pay more attention to what we eat on a daily basis.
See what Dr.Meike W. Vernooij of Erasmus University Medical Center in Rotterdam, Netherlands said about the relationship between the Brain and diet.
“People with greater brain volume have been shown […] to have better cognitive abilities, so initiatives that help improve diet quality may be a good strategy to maintain thinking skills in older adults.”
Their findings, published in the online issue of the journal Neurology, seem to indicate that healthful diets rich in fruit and vegetables may help to protect the brain against age-related shrinkage.
Among the food groups enlisted for healthy brain volume were:
Vegetable fruit and nut salad
Whole grain-based foods,
Alcohol, and Salt.
Dark chocolate can also boost brain-cell health and immunity
In the researchers’ assessment, the best diets for health were rich in vegetable, fruit, nut, whole grain, dairy, and fish content, and they included very few sugary drinks.
.In a nutshell, ascertaining what types of food would be best for brain health, bothers around – eating plenty of vegetables, nuts, and fish.
Therefore, if you must maintain a good Brain-volume free from unhealthy shrinkage,
adherence to a healthful diet favoring a combination of the food groups mentioned above.