The home of Igala culture is situated on the east of the Benue confluence and River Niger. Most of the Igala people located in the Kogi state of Nigeria.
The overall population of Igala is estimated around 4 million people. They can also be found in the Benue, Adamawa, Nassarawa, Enugu, Anambra, Delta and Edo States of Nigeria. One of the fascinating things about this culture is Igala traditional attire.
Igala people received their name from the Yoruba tribe. In the Yoruba language, Igala means an antelope. In the early years of migration of Igala people, the Yoruba saw the migration of antelope. Therefore, the Yoruba gave the name Igala to the nomad tribe in that time. Still, the antelope is highly respected amongst Igala people. They see it as a pure or clever animal.
They even have a proverb about this animal, which translates as an antelope will never drink dirty water. Igala traditional attire They can also be Christians, Muslims, and adepts of African religion beliefs. Islam is a dominant religion in Igala land. Igala people are ruled by a person called Attah (Father). He is to be chosen among people of Igala and holds the title Attah Igala (Father of Igala or King of Igala).
Some people in Nigeria believe that Igala people have not saved their culture and they have no specific cloth color like other minor tribes in Nigeria. For example, the traditional colors of Tiv are black and white, Idoma prefers black and red, while Igede likes white and blue. Igala traditional attire Regarding cultural differences, Igala preserves their traditions. According to Igala traditions, some parts of Igala land can receive three deep horizontal cuts on each cheek. This practice was used during inter-tribal wars, but in the modern era, it’s less popular.
Nigerian scientists and culture experts studies about modern Igala people believed that the predominant colors in their clothes and traditional attire are yellow and black.
Igala cultural dressing can also be accompanied with blue/green/white stripes. According to the elders of Igala tribe, black and yellow colors means a lot to the history of Igala Kingdom. Black color shows the richness of Igala land. It`s connected with minerals, crude oil, and fertility of the land. Black color symbolizes prosperity and wealth for Igala people. Yellow color symbolizes hospitality of the tribe. It also represents gold as a symbol of prosperity and richness.
The predominant colors of the traditional marriage in Igala Land are yellow, black, green and white. Black and yellow colors symbolize fertility of a couple. Green is a traditional color not only for Igala people but also for the whole Africa. It usually means peace and harmony. White color stands for purity.
Igala traditional wedding attire can’t be without stripes and Igala Achi. Igala Achi is a traditional cap of Igala people. Igala traditional attire Women prefer to wear long dresses or skirts with yellow or black stripes. Men prefer to stick to the white pants and t-shirts with scarfs and Igala Achi.